On Wednesday 24 May 1770, Lieutenant James Cook anchored the Endeavour about 3 km off this part of the coast near Round Hill Head. Cook went ashore near Round Hill Head with botanist Joseph Banks and his assistant Daniel Solander.
It was only the second time during the voyage that he had set foot on Australian soil and his first venture on dry land at what is now called Queensland. The party landed at the south point of the bay where they found a channel leading into a large lagoon.
One of the party shot a bustard weighing 6.8 kilograms, which Cook and his officers later said was the best meal they’d eaten since they left England in 1768. Before leaving next day, Cook named the area Bustard Bay. Every May since 1991, a re-enactment of Cook’s landing has been staged as part of the annual 1770 Festival.